Saturday, April 3, 2010

Isaac Slover- Fur Trader

From Gary Radcliffe

The name of the cemetery is Agua Mansa (sometimes spelled Aguamansa) and it means
Still Water (some say Healing Water).
It is located in Colton, California at the deadend of Euclid Avenue, I believe.
From Cathey Jendeski

Subject: Slover Mountain

Yes, this is the mountain named after your, Eugene.

The Slover book says the mountain was one called the Place of the Ravens (I think).

This is Isaac, the son of John Slover the Indian fighter, captive, and Shaker.

Here are the notes I have for Isaac Slover including his will which describes his land.

Slover, John, Jr. KY HENDERSON CO. 1800 TAX LIST
Slover, John, Sr. KY HENDERSON CO. 1800 TAX LIST

1 June, 1850 Census, City and County of Los Angeles

Isaac Slover 70 farmer $250 in Real Estate born PA ( listed as an Indian.?)

Isaac Slover m. 70 Farmer $250 b.PA
Maria Barbara Slover F. b. NM m

It is not known just where Isaac lived before going West, as the census records, giving birthplaces of the children are never the same twice. But it was proably in KY and IN since when he moved West, he took the older children with him but left the twins with a brother. When the twins were about 10 years old, an older brother came from Arkansas to take them to join the family. This was about 1826; that was when Isaac's youngest brother, James, died in Vanderburgh Co., IN. His widow may not have been able to care for the boys any longer.

The following record from National Archives, Washington, D.C. may possibly belong here as Isaac was also known as Christobal and Louis. Christian Slover, private Carter's Regt., Militia, a company at Hamilton Dist., Terr., South of the Ohio, commanded by Nathaniel Taylor. Oct. 4 to 14, 1793. 11 days: $3 per month: $1, 10 cents.

Grant Foreman's "Pioneer Days in the Old Southwest" refers to that part of the Journal of the English naturalist, Thomas Nuttall when he describes his travels in the neighborhool of Fr. Smith, AR; "Nuttall went with two men in a canoe up Grand River for a visit to the salt works...they arrived at the home of a Mr. Slover, a hunter, who had a good farm on a fine elevation two miles below the Saline. The next day, he walked with Mr. Slover to see the salt works..."

Joseph J. Hill in "History of Warner's Ranch and Environs" says: "In Feb. 1824, Ewing Young, William Wolfskill, Slover and others fitted out a trapping party at Taos to trap on the San Juan and other tributaries of the Colorado or Rio Grand of the West as it was then called."

From Ingersoll's "Century Annals of San bernardino Co., 1769 - 1804, as related by John Brown, Sr.: "A party of free trappers of whom I was one, erected an adobe fort on the Arkansas River in Colorado for protection and as headquarters during the winter season. We call it "Pueblo" and the city of Pueblo now stands upon that ground. Into this fort, Christobal Slover came one day with two mules losded with beaver skins. He was engaged to help me supply the camp with game and during the winter we hunted together, killing buffalo, elk, antelope and deer. he would leave our camp and be gone for weeks at a time without anyone knowing his whereabouts and at last he did not return at all." In John Brown, Jr's History of San Bernardino Co. some of the members of the party of trappers were given as : James W. Waters, V.J. Herring, Alex Godey, Kit Carson, Bill Williams, Fitzpatrick, Bridger, Bill Bent, the Subletts and others.

From Bancroft's History of California, Vol III, p. 162-166. for 1835 to 40:

A resume. Sylvester Pattie and son, James, Ohio. Pattie headed a party of trappers on the Colorado, 1827. with a passport from the Northern Mexican custom-house, they started westward across the desert, having buried their furs. after terrible suffering, they reached Santa Catalina Mission in Lower (Baja) California, March 12, 1828. Ten days later, by Gov. Echandia's order, they were taken under guard to San Diego. The company included besides the Patties, Nathaniel Pryor, Richard Laughlin, William Pope, Isaac Slover, Jesse Ferguson, and James Puter. They were kept isolated until the buried furs were offered as ransom. they were released on condition that they return with the furs, leaving James Pattie as hostage. The furs had all been spoiled by the overflow of the river. Four of the six returned in September.; the other two left their companions on the Colorado and started for New Mexico. these two probably were Slover and Pope.

In November 1825, Isaac was issued a pass to go back to Sonora. In 1843, a party of colonizers from N. Mex., commanded by Don Jose Salazar arrived at La Politano and founded a village known as Agua Mansa (Healing Water). Isaac settled at San Bernardino at the south base of the mountain that bears his name.

From History of San Bernardino Co.: Isaac Slover married a widow with a family, Maria Barbara Aragon. There is a story about the mountain which may have some truth.

John Brown continued as follows: "Slover was a quiet, peaceable man, very reserved. He would heed no warning and accept no advice as to his methods of hunting. His great ambition was to kill grizzlies--he called them "Cabibs".

One day he went with a companion (James McMinds) up the left fork of Cajon Pass, almost to the summit. There they came across a large grizzly and Slover fired at close range. The bear fell, but soon rose and walked away and lay down in some bushes. Slover, after re-charging his rifle began approaching the monster, in spite of the objection of his friend. As the old man approached the animal it gave a sudden full spring upon him. The other man came down the mountain and told the tale and a party went back. They found Slover still alive but insensible. He was carried down to Sycamore Grove on a rude litter and there died.

The bear had done its work throughly. The Scalp was torn from his head, his legs and one arm broken, the whole body torn and burised."

From Los Angeles Star, October 19, 1854; "The burial service was conducted by John Brown, his friend of Rocky Mountains days and some of the officials of the Mormon Church in the most orthodox style. The officiating priest was one of the sons of Captain Jefferson Hunt."

In 1931, Enoch A. Slover, a grandson, then living in Los Angeles tried to locate Isaac's grave.

Mr. George Beattie of Highland, CA gave the following in the San Bernardino Sun, June 29, 1931: "In the first place I will call attention to the fact that the pioneer Slover was known by several Christian names. In the census of Lost Angeles in 1844, he is named as a resident of San Bernardino rancho and is called Luis. His will, probated in a San Bernardino court, was signed Isaac Slover and in the burial records of the Agua Mansa Church he is entered as Christobal Slover. In all the records mentioned, his wife is called Maria Barbara Aragon.

Cerito Solo or Slover's Mountain, is the burial place of the old hunter; marked by a cross, due to the piety of Dona Barbara without doubt.

Apparently Slover's wife was not satisfied with the burial services for there is a record of a church burial of the body of Christobal Slover on October 24. Whether there was a disinterment and reburial, I do not know...Slover's grave was in the west end of the cemetery alongside of those of Louis Rubidoux, the Trujillos and others of the early settlers of the New Mexican colony.

A grass fire had destroyed the wooden crosses that marked the graves of the pioneers."

From John Brown, Sr.: "He was taken to his home and buried between his adobe house and the southeast base of the mountain."

State of California, County of Los Angeles,


June 1799 to November 1799-Tuesday the 3rd day of September Court 1799

The person summed to appear here this day to show cause if any they have why a road from the Public Square in the Town of Henderson to the mouth of Clear Creek should not be opened not made any objections it is ordered that the said road be opened and Edmond Hopkins is appointed surveyor of the said road from the public square in the Town of Henderson to the line of enderson grant and it is ordered that he with his lmale laboring tithables, Adam Rankins male laboring tithables, Sherwood Hicks, James Worthington, Jacob Newman, Abraham Landers, John Landers, Thos.?? Lawrence, Rowland Hughs, Joseph Worthington open the said road and keep it in repair according to order. William Black is appointed Lawyer of the said road from the line of Henderson's Grant to the old trail from Cumberland to Robertson's Lick, and it is.. that said William Black, John Land, Jacob Newman, Matthew Kenney, John Christian, Matthew Christiian, Nevil Lindsay, Philemon Richard Veeck, James Veeck, Isham Sellers, Ephraim Sellers, John Slover, Isaac Slover, John Slover, Jr. John McCombs, Wm McCombs, James Hopkins, William M Fullerton, Henry Smith, Asa Wells, Andrew Black, John Lock, Wm Hughes, David Hughes, Aeneas McCallister Sr & Jrs., Jesse McCallister, John Hancock, Robert Robertson, John Rayburn Sr and Jr, Peter Ruby, John Ruby, Joel Suggs, John Little, Joshua Katts, and Martin Landers, open the said road and keep it in repair according to law.

San Bernardino Township, Nov. 30th, 1852.

Know all men by these presance that I Isaac Slover, do this day will and bequeath to my wife Maria Barbery all of my possessions goods and chattles, lands and tenements, ec. To have and to hold for her won property, and to use the same for her benifit from hence forth and forever. In wittness whereof I hereunto set my hand and afix my seal this day and date above mentioned. Isaac X Slover, his mark.

P.S. My land being or lying in two peaces - above 250 yards more or less and below 300 yards more or less. The whole making 550 yards more or less of land belonging to me.

Isaac X Slover, his mark.

Witnesses: V.D. Herrings, J.P: John Brown, J.P.

Probated November 16, 1854

1850 census states that Isaac's land was in the San Bernardino or Jurupa area next to the huge rancho of Jose Maria Lugo.

The property was listed as being worth $250.

From Gary Radcliffe

1850 CA Census

Prior to 1633 from Holland to NY
This guy has a TON!
Land was in San Bernardino area next to the huge rancho of Jose Maria Lugo.

Isaac Slover 70 farmer $250 b. PA
Maria Barbara 40 b. NM
Manuel Espinosa 31 laborer b. NM
Thomas Aragon 18 laborer b. Peru
Slover, Eleanor Voorhees Miller (wife of Isaac Slover) ~ Apr 2, 1784 - Aug 8, 1858, aged 74 years, 4 months, 6 days ~ Photo

Slover, Grace (widow of Isaac Slover) ~ died Aug 18, 1827, aged 87 years, ? months, 21 days ~ Photo ~ Photo # 2

Slover, Isaac ~ Nov 18, 1783 - Jul 20, 1832, aged 48 years, 8 months, 2 days ~ Photo ~ Photo # 2

Soverill, Justus ~ - ~ Photo

Vangieson, Amzy Edward (son of Rynter and Sarah Vangieson) ~ died Jan 8, 1829, aged 19 years, 11 months, 24 days ~ Photo ~ Photo # 2
You can see the actual tombstones here:

The exploits of John Slover, father of Isaac, is published in a short book
entitled "Indian Atrocities, Narratives of the Perils and Sufferings of Dr.
Knight and John Slover , among the Indians during the Revolutionary War".
It has been republished a number if times , the first was in 1783; the last
being in 1867 by U.P. James, Publishers , Cincinati. The "Ye Galleon Press,
of Fairfield Washington" reprinted the U.P. James version, which I have a
copy. As a child, his father was killed by indians, and the rest of his
family(including himself) was kidnapped , He was later sold to another
tribe, and later returned to the colonies. As an adult, he was a guide for
Col Crawford's expedition against the indians, and he was again captured;
and narrowly excaped burning at the stake. He eventually became a member of
the Shakers.
Yes, the Slovers were real pioneers, very much like my Radcliffs. They
were with the first 6 or 7 families who crossed the Alleghenies to settle
in western Virginia in abt. 1760's or so. We were lucky that some documents
about these families remain.
Militia info from 1793
Info on the emigration from The Netherlands in 1600s

Fur trapping timeline:

No comments:

Post a Comment